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Present Tense Endings - Ordered List


The the rules for pronunciation of third person singular present tense endings (He goes) are simple to understand, although sometimes difficult to practice.
  1. Plural nouns and verbs that end with the -s, -z, -j, -ch, -sh" sounds () form the past tense with an ADDITIONAL SYLLABLE
    ⊕ notice ⇒ notices, realize ⇒ realizes, emerge ⇒ emerges, church ⇒ churches, wish ⇒ wishes)
  2. All other verbs (and plural nouns) fall into two catagories
    1. Verbs that end in an UNVOICED sound form the second person singular with an UNVOICED present tense, which is the "-s" sound.
      ⊕ cost ⇒ costs, laugh ⇒ laughs, shake ⇒ shakes
    2. Verbs that end in a VOICED sound form the second person singular with a VOICED present tense, which is the "-z" sound.
      ⊕ depend ⇒ depends, call ⇒ calls, enable ⇒ enables
Listen and repeat the following words.

Ordered List - Unordered List

-s

-ez

-z

-s -es -z
costs realizes depends
laughs arises enables
fits notices records
paints recognises sounds
shakes voices extends
results releases defines
adopts emerges examines
protects proposes bears
attempts presses hangs
beats arranges signs
associates approaches attends
collects crosses flies
marks charges gains
shoots experiences performs
appoints touches travels
drinks launches confirms
links assesses demands
strikes promises stares
concentrates imposes imagines
tests addresses cares
commits recognizes marries
demonstrates influences employs
grants realizes issues
repeats dresses minds
sleeps organises aims
insists focuses denies
limits advises orders
promotes matches supplies
attracts attaches observes
consists exercises replies

Last updated: 16 April 2008